First Aid For Burns: A burn is an injury sustained through fire accident.
What are burns?
In every household where a fire is required, either naked fire or electric fire; burns definitely would occur because burns are the most common household accidents among adults, especially with children.
When burns occur, it causes severe pains and skin damage by killing the cells of the affected parts’ This leads to the death of such skin part. This depends on how deep and serious the burn is.
Some persons may recover from skin burns without any much damages to their skin depending on how deep and serious the burn is just like I mentioned earlier. All burns require quick medical attention, though some can be treated with some home remedies. Some burns need urgent medical care to prevent uncertain death therefore not all burn maybe cared for using home remedies.
How To Treat A Burn: Credit: Howdini
What Causes Burns?
Burns are caused by naked fire or dry/cold heat. Dry heat such as fire and cold heat such as hot liquids, friction, very hot objects, the natural sunlight, radiation and more. According to Wikipedia, “A thermal burn is a type of burn resulting from making contact with heated objects, such as boiling water, steam, hot cooking oil, fire, and hot objects. Scalds are the most common type of thermal burn suffered by children, but for adults, thermal burns are most commonly caused by fire”.
The Levels Of Burns
Burns differ and like I stated earlier above, some burns can be ignored if only they come with lite burns and minor pains, some can be treated using home remedies while some require emergency attention from medical doctors. Therefore this now takes us to the types/levels of burns or better still, Burn levels.
We have three (4) main types of burns, they include:
1. First level burn
2. Second level burn
3. Third-degree level burn and
4. Fourth Level Burn
Just from the list, you would easily tell which one is one is fair, which one requires home remedies and which one requires emergency attention. I will start by explaining the first level of burn.
First Level/Degree Burn
As the name entails, first level/degree burn, this kind of burn is a minor burn that does not require much or any serious attention, you can ignore any medical treatment if only you can endure the minor pains. The damages likely to obtain from this kind of burn is a red, nonblistered skin.
Second Level/Degree Burn
The second level/degree burn is quite deep because it sometimes goes beyond the outer layer of the skin to the inner layer causing severe pain and inconvenience to the whole body. The damages likely to obtain from this kind of burn include: making the skin thick and some blisters.
Third Level/Degree Burn
This kind of burn is also referred to as a full thickness burn. Persons who sustain this kind of burns go through severe pains because of dermis and effect on the inner skin tissues. The damages likely to obtain from this kind of burn include white or blackened skin, a charred skin that may be numb. And finally, we have the fourth level/degree burn.
Fourth Level/Degree Burn
This kind of burn sums up everything or better still outcome of the third level/degree. It also burns so deep that it affects the bones and the tendons.
Causes And Types Of Burns
Burn comes in different types also the causes differ. The cause of your burn determines the type or level of burn you will have and what kind of treatment you need to give it.
Just like I have stated above, there are four types of burn which include, first level burn, second level burn, third level burn, and fourth level burn. Each of these burns is likely caused by the following:
1. Splash of hot water or oil:
Have you ever been in the kitchen trying to boil some water for domestic use and at the end you mistakenly splashed it on yourself? Sometimes you maybe be doing some frying in the kitchen and all of a sudden, a splash from the hot oil drops on your skin. These things can cause you to burn.
2. Chemical burns:
It’s also known as caustic burns. This kind of burn is likely to cause a sudden skin reaction within the affected part. It can also affect the inside body organs. But this only happens when you mistakenly swallows these chemicals.
3. Electrical burns:
Ever been shocked by a naked wire? Electrical burn is burns caused by electric. This happens when electric shock passes through your skin causing serious freezing and drying up of your blood. Sometimes this kind of burn leads to death if you are not lucky enough.
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Electrical burn causes severe pain and internal injuries. So this kind of burn requires urgent medical attention.
4. Burns from fires such as flames from lighters, candles, and matches:
All the mentioned items are household types of equipment that help us generate raw fire in our homes. In as much as these items are essential at homes, they sometimes hurt us too. Imagine trying to light your matches, and it mistakenly burns your palm. How about your kids who would want to play with the candle wax? Sometimes they get burnt by it. How about someone who loves cigarettes? The flames from your lighter may incidentally burn your any part of your body if not carefully used.
5. Too much exposure to sunlight
The human body system differs so also the human skin. Because of this, our skin reaction to different environments differs too. For those who have a lite skin, too much exposure to sunlight can cause great harm to your skin. It’s important to know your skin type and know to prepare for every new environment you find yourself.
Symptoms of Each Level Burn
Each level of burn has its symptoms. So it’s very important to know these symptoms to enable you to know which one needs urgent medical attention or needs a home remedy treatment.
Symptoms of First Level/Degree Burns
The First degree burns are not always serious therefore the damage they cause to the skin are small and it affects only the out layer of the skin. The signs and symptoms of the first level burn include:
1. Dry, peeling skin occurs as the burn heals
2. Minimal Pain
3. Minor inflammation, or swelling
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The pain gotten from the first level burn don’t normally last because it affects only the outer layer of the skin. It has been confirmed that the first level of burn takes approximately 10days to heal.
Also, note that the first level of burn can be treated with home remedies. The earlier you commence treatment, the earlier and better the healing.
Treatments for a first-degree burn include
When you sustain a first level or degree burn, the following treatments can be applied to cure it.
a. First what you need to do is to apply an anesthetic mixed with an aloe vera gel. If you don’t have the gel, you may need to get the cream.
b. Secondly, you need to use an antibiotic ointment with loose gauze. This will help you guide the affected part.
c. Thirdly, once you sustain the burn, rush and keep the affected part in cold water for at least five minutes. Note: Don’t use ice block rather cold water because ice block water would cause more damage.
d. You need some pain relief for the burn. Pain relief like; acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Watch this video guide on how to treat a first-degree burn
Video credit: www.aad.org
Symptoms of Second Level/Degree Burns
The Second level/degree burns are way serious than the first-degree burn. It burns deeper, therefore affecting the inner layer of the skin. This cause more damage compared to the first level burn. When you sustain this kind of burn, the symptoms you get include:
1. It makes the skin extremely red. When you sustain this kind of bur, it makes your skin (the affected part) become so red and sore.
2. It brings out a small bubble (blister) on the skin filled with serum. When these blisters develop after sustaining the burn, sometimes they break and then cause the burn area wet. This is not good if you want the burn to heal on time. So it is advised you get it cleaned with a neat bandage. The second level of burn takes approximately 2 weeks to heal.
Treatments for a second-degree burn include
When you sustain a second level or degree burn, the following treatments can be applied to cure it.
a. First, all you have to do is to take pain relief. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is recommended
b. Get yourself an antibiotic cream. It will do you more good than harm.
c. Keep the affected part in cool water for at least 15-20 minutes.
NOTE: If the burn is much and it affected a large part of your body, don’t hesitate to seek medical attention.
Watch this video guide on how to treat a second-degree burn
Video Credit: Auburn Medical Group
Symptoms of Third Level/Degree Burns
Remember I stated about for levels of burns, the first, second, third and fourth. But in this case, the third level/degree burn is the most dangerous. The damage caused is very high and most may not have a home remedy but urgent medical attention. This is so because the burn penetrates through the outer layer to the inner layer of the skin.
When you sustain this kind of burn, the symptoms you get include:
1. You get a blister. But in this case, the blisters may likely not develop because the level of the burn will not allow it to.
3. dark brown color
4. raised and leathery texture
5. waxy and white color
Treatments for a Third-degree burn include
Just like the first and second-degree burns have a home remedy treatment, the third-degree does not because these burns are always serious and deep therefore needs an emergency medical checkup.
So when the third-degree burn occurs, don’t bother or try to treat it yourself, you are advised to Call 911 as soon as possible.
Note to readers: Please note that level and degree used in this article are the same things. Example, you will see where we have used first level burn, first-degree burn. These things are the same. Thanks for reading. Stay healthy and safe.